Cagayan de Oro City is the gateway to Northern Mindanao. It is geographically nestled between the central coastline of Macajalar Bay to the North and the naturally-rich plateaus and mountains of Bukidnon and Lanao del Norte to the South. The municipality of Opol bounds the City on the west while the municipality of Tagoloan, with its heavy industrial activities, is its immediate neighbor to the east. The City lies between the latitude 8-14”-00” to 8-31’-5” north and longitude 124-27”-00” and 124-49”-00” east.

Cagayan de Oro Map


North: Macajalar Bay
South: Bukidnon
East: Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental
West: Opol, Misamis Oriental

Land Area (in hectares): 57,851

Cagayan de Oro, which is the largest city in Northern Mindanao (Region X), has an area of 57,851 has. Its territorial size is 3.4% of the region; and 15.96% of Misamis Oriental (3,570.10 sq. km.)

District 1: 43,637.4
District 2: 14,213.6

Political Subdivision

Cagayan de Oro is divided into two district by Republic Act No. 9371.

The first District comprises the 24 barangays; barangays Baikingon, Balulang, Bayabas, Bayanga, Besigan, Bonbon, Bulua, Canitoan, Carmen, Dansolihon, Iponan, Kauswagan, Lumbia, Mambuaya, Pagalungan,Pagatpat, Patag, Pigsag-an, SanSimon, Taglimao, Tagpangi Tignapoloan, Tuburan, and Tumpagon while the second District are barangays; Agusan, Balubal, Bugo, Camaman-an, Consolacion,Cugman, F.S. Catanico, Gusa, Indahag, Lapasan, Macabalan, Macasandig, Nazareth, Puerto, Puntod, Tablon and all poblacion barangays 1- 40.

District 1 – 24 Barangays
District 2 – 16 and All Poblacion Barangays 1-40


Cagayan de Oro City is characterized by a narrow coastal plain along the Macajalar Bay and by highland areas separated by steepy inclined escarpment. The lowland is relatively flat and its elevation is not more than 10 meters above the mean sea level. The highlands bound the City in the south from east to west. They consists of plateaus, terraces, gorges.

Creeks and Rivers. Traverse and drain to Macajalar Bay. There are seven rivers namely: Cagayan River, Iponan River, Bigaan River, Cugman River, Umalag River, Agusan river and Alae River. The more notable creeks are Binono-an, Bitan-ag, Indulong, Kolambog, Sapong, and Umalag.

About 13,587 hectares or 28 percent of the City’s land area have a slope between 0 and 8 percent, which is appropriate for most land uses (Table 1). Such areas are concentrated on the narrow coastal plain, the flood plain areas of the Cagayan and Iponan Rivers, and in the upland terraces. The remaining 72 percent of the land have slopes that are greater than 8 percent which pose a challenge to development.

Rivers : Cagayan, Iponan, Alae, Agusan,Gusa, Cugman, Bigaan

Major Creeks : Binono-an, Bitan-ag, Indulong,Kolambog, Sapong, Umalag


Soils with Agricultural Value and Location

First Class Soils: Bayabas, Consolacion, Southwest of Kauswagan, Baikingon, North of Balulang, North-East of Macasandig, and Camaman-an
Second Class Soils: Carmen, Bulua and some parts of Gusa, Cugman, Tablon, Agusan and Bugo

Land Use (in percent) 2012

Residential – 12.55
Commercial – 0.43
Industrial – 0.25
Agricultural – 33.27
Special Class – 0.59
Open Spaces – 31.62
Exempt Properties – 7.10
Other Properties – 14.19


Average Monthly Rainfall – 139.10 (mm)
Average Number of Rainy Days per month – 13.00
Average Extreme Temperature (Mean) – 32.40
Average Relative Humidity – 85.30

Source : City Planning and Development Office